Conflict and insecurity were the main drivers in 18 of the countries where about 74 million people are in need if urgent assistance. Ending world hunger is a challenge that effects us all.
- Countries such as Yemen, Nigeria, The Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Myanmar were the most affected by conflict, political and social insecurity.
- Compared to 2017, the World Food Programme report revealed an increase of 11 million people in the number of food insecure population across the world. Combination of conflict and severe drought in southern and eastern Africa caused consecutive poor harvests in these countries already facing a high level of food insecurity.
- The worst food crises were in north eastern Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen and South Sudan where nearly 32 million people were food insecure and in need of immediate assistance.
- Moving into 2018, conflict and insecurity will likely remain major drivers of food security crises.
- Yemen will continue to be the largest food crisis in the world. Disease outbreak, economic collapse and war conflicts continue to drive food insecurity. Areas of Africa will continue to be in danger due to severe dry weather affecting crops and livestock production.
Solutions to combating hunger seems relatively simple and has worked in the past- get food to the people in need, when they need it. Humanitarian initiatives have answered the call for hunger time and time again, delivering food to the places in need, but this doesn’t necessarily mean there is now food security. A UNESCO study highlights that even basic education can make a huge difference
- If all mothers in low income countries had primary education, 1.7 million children would be saved from growth stunting, and if they completed secondary school, 12.2 million children would be saved from growth stunting
To combat world hunger and malnutrition, other organizations such as USAID and the WFP are trying a number of strategies to attack this problem. Through funding to colleges, researchers, both private and public sector across many disciplines challenges are already being tackled. The WFP funds innovation projects for entrepreneurs, students, visioneers to bring a philanthropic idea or product to life.
USAID has participated in delivering aid, tools and knowledge to many low income, food-insecure areas around the world. In Kenya, small, rural farmers who previously couldn’t compete with larger growers have accessed resources to boost their crop production and minimize the post harvest losses. In Zimbabwe, forward thinking men now collect water for the family instead of the woman. They have constructed hand washing stations, and are training the community in the importance of sanitation. In Sierra Leone women are beginning to learn to herd goat and sheep.