Currently women make up two-thirds of the world’s adults without basic literacy skills. In developing countries, women still face steep barriers to education; 11 million girls of primary age are out of school compared to 9 million boys.
Today, women represent less than 30% of the worlds researches, hold less than a third of all senior to mid management positions and represent 23% of positions in National Houses of Parliments- only a 10% rise since 2000.
Even with major strides towards gender equality over the past 20 years, women are still systematically denied equal access to jobs. In many parts of the world, women still lack equal rights to resources such as land, property and education.
An estimated 23% of women don’t have access to access to modern and safe reproductive health care services. In 2017, 19% of women between the ages of 15 and 49 report they have experienced sexual assault in the previous year, and genital mutilation remains a relatively common practice in 30 countries.
Globally, 750 million women and girls were married before the age of 18 and at least 200 million women and girls in 30 countries have undergone FGM.
The rates of girls between 15-19 who are subjected to FGM (female genital mutilation) in the 30 countries where the practice is concentrated have dropped from 1 in 2 girls in 2000 to 1 in 3 girls by 2017.
While women have made important inroads into political office across the world, their representation in national parliaments at 23.7% is still far from parity.
One in five women and girls, including 19% of women and girls aged 15 to 49, have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner with the last 12 months. Yet, 49 countries have no laws that specifically protect women from such violence.
In 46 countries, women now hold more than 30% of seats in national parliament in at least one chamber.
Only 52% of women married or in a union freely make their own decisions about sexual relations, contraceptive use and health care. Globally, women are just 13% of agricultural land holders.
Women in Northern Africa hold less than one in five paid jobs in the non-agricultural sector. The proportion of women in paid employment outside the agriculture sector has increased from 35% in 1990 to 41% in 2015.
More than 100 countries have taken action to track budget allocations for gender equality. In Southern Asia, a girl’s risk of marrying in childhood has dropped by over 40% since 2000.