Good Health Challenge

Global Challenge #3 – Health and Well-Being

Background

Childhood deaths have been cut in half over the past 15 years, proving that it is possible to win the fight against almost any disease. Despite this, we are spending an astonishing amount and exhausting many resources treating illness’ that are easy to prevent. Promoting and educating healthy lifestyle, preventive measures, and modern healthcare is at the forefront of ensuring our future is bright and healthy.

Goal 3.1

By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

In 2015, 303,000 women died due to complications of pregnancy or childbirth. About half of these deaths occured in low-to-middle income countries (99%). Reducing maternal mortality depends heavily on ensuring that women have access to quality care, before, during and after child birth. It is estimated that over 40% of all pregnant women are not receiving early and effective antenatal care.

  • How can we ensure antenatal and pre-natal care to pregnant women? How can we help make child birth safer for all women worldwide?

Goal 3.2

By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countris aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low a 12 per 1000 live births and under-5 mortality at least as low as 25 per 1000 live births.

Under-five mortality rate continued to improve through 2016, dropping to 41 per 1000 live births, which is down from 93 per 1000 in 1990. Regardless, every day approximately 15,000 children die before reaching the age of five. Neonatal mortality is 19 per 1000 births which is down from 37 per 1000 in 1990. Since more children are now surviving, improving the survival of older children (aged 5-14) is increasing as an area of focus. Approximately 1 million children in this range died from preventable causes in 2016.

  • How can we ensure newborns and young children do not fall ill or die?

Goal 3.3

By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases

An estimated 1 million people died from HIV or HIV related illness’ in 2016. Global focus on antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been the main driver of the 48% decline in HIV and related deaths. This is down from a peak of 1.9 million deaths in 2005. Unfortunately, ART had only reached 53% of people living with HIV by the end of 2016. A large global gain in malaria control began to occur in 2010 where cases dropped from 237 million cases to 210 million in 2013. Since then, there has been an alarming increase with 216 cases reported in the 2017 World Malaria Report. The main challenge appears to be unpredictability and lack of sustainable funding.

How can we ensure sustainable, effective fundings and solutions to deliver medicine and supplies to the most vulnerable countries?

Target 3.4: By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being

There has been a reduction in the probability of dying from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic lung disease between the ages of 30 and 70 by 4% from 200 to 2016 (18%). Adults in low income countries faced the most risk, almost doubling the rate for adults in high income countries. The total number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases is increasing due to to population growth and aging. There were almost 800,000 suicides that occurred in 2016, the highest rates being in the European region (15.4 per 100,000).

  • How can we encourage and support mental health different from how we currently are?

 

Target 3.5: Strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol

Global alcohol consumption remains stable at 6.4 litres of pure alcohol per person over the age of 15.

  • Are there any safer alternatives to alcohol? Is there a new solution to drinking that hasn’t been thought of yet?

 

Target 3.6: By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic

Accidents

Without sustained action, road traffic crashes are predicted to become the seventh leading cause of death by 2030. Road traffic deaths total 1.25 million yearly. 90% of the worlds fatalities occur in low and middle income countries, even though these countries have approximately 54% of the world’s vehicles. Traffic related injuries are the leading cause of death among young people between 15 and 29 years old.

  • How can we reduce the number of traffic injuries globally? Road systems? Self driving technology?

 

Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

An estimated 23% of all women who are married or in relationships do not have access to modern contraceptives. An estimated 12.8 million births among girls aged 15-19 occur each year. Early childbirth increases the risk of wellness for the newborn as well as the mother.

  • How can we deliver more effective contraceptive methods to all women worldwide?

 

Target 3.8: Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all

Half of the world’s population does not have full coverage of essential healthcare services. An estimated 11% of the worlds population had to spend at least 10% of their household income to pay for health services and about 97 million people were put into poverty by personal health care spending.

  • How can we rethink healthcare systems to ensure procedures and medical care do not cause poverty?

 

Target 3.9: By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

Pollution in both cities and rural areas caused an estimated 4.2 million deaths worldwide in 2016. Unsafe water, sanitation and lack of hygiene were responsible for an estimated 870,000 deaths in 2016.

  • How can we reduce pollution, hazardous chemicals and water contamination?

 

Target 3.a: Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in all countries, as appropriate

More than 1.1 billion people smoke tobacco. 34% of all males over the age of 15 smoke while 6% of females smoke. 98 members of the World Health Organization started to take a stronger stance on smoking introducing more legislation to make packages contain more health warnings.

  • What innovations are available to reduce the smoking rate? Are the alternatives safer? Is there an alternative not yet imagined?

 

Target 3.b: Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all

One in ten children globally did not receive even the first dose of diphteria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP1) vaccine.

  • How can we make vaccines more accessible?

 

Target 3.c: Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least-developed countries and small-island developing States

76 countries reported having less than one physician per 1000 population, and 87 countries reportted having less than three nurses per 1000 population.

  • How can we increase the number of doctors, nurses and physicians? Access to education? Flow of education from primary school through secondary? Exporting and subsidizing physicians to low income countries? Technology?

 

Target 3.d: Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

167 States Parties responded to the self assessment questionnaire that is used to assess the implementation status of the 13 core capacities. The Average score was 72%

The Health and Well-Being Challenge

Prepr is dedicated to helping improve health and well being worldwide. Take on a challenge and help accomplish any of these goals. Follow the PIE book in order to acquire the skills necessary to to change the world.

TAKE THE CHALLENGE

co-Learn the PIE method and build a team, choose a challenge that you’re passionate about and apply PIE to co-Solve and co-Create projects with impact. Build your portfolio and tap into your infinite learning potential.

REQUIREMENTS
WHAT YOU WILL GET

– Receive a Prepr Certificate in Problem Solving with PIE

– Compete to win first, second and third place trophy and bragging rights

– Build your professional portfolio

– Win prizes, giveaways and more…

DEADLINE

May 1, 2019

W3.CSS


1 OUT OF 24

POVERTY CHALLENGE

Eradicating poverty is not a task of charity, it is an act of justice and the key to unlocking an enormous human potential.Learn More


2 OUT OF 24

HUNGERCHALLENGE

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.Learn More


3 OUT OF 24

HEALTH CHALLENGE

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.Learn More


4 OUT OF 24

EDUCATION CHALLENGE

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.Learn More


5 OUT OF 24

GENDER CHALLENGE

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.Learn More


6 OUT OF 24

WATER CHALLENGE

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.Learn More


7 OUT OF 24

ENERGY CHALLENGE

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.Learn More


8 OUT OF 24

WORK CHALLENGE

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.Learn More


9 OUT OF 24

INFRASTRUCTURE CHALLENGE

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.Learn More


10 OUT OF 24

DIVERSITY CHALLENGE

Reduce inequality within and among countries.Learn More


11 OUT OF 24

SUSTAINABLE CITIES CHALLENGE

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.Learn More


12 OUT OF 24

CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION CHALLENGE

Ensure sustainable production and consumption patterns.Learn More


13 OUT OF 24

CLIMATE CHALLENGE CHALLENGE

Take urgent impact to combat climate change and its impacts.Learn More


14 OUT OF 24

OCEAN CHALLENGE

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable deveolpment.Learn More


15 OUT OF 24

LAND CHALLENGE

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity lost.Learn More


16 OUT OF 24

PEACE CHALLENGE

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. Learn More


17 OUT OF 24

PARTNERSHIP CHALLENGE

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development. Learn More


18 OUT OF 24

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CHALLENGE

The increase in all forms of artificial intelligence is having a significant impact on society and is continuously changing the way we live, work and interact. Learn More


19 OUT OF 24

BLOCKCHAIN CHALLENGE

Blockchain technology is changing the landscape of traditional financial services. Whether its through logistics, cryptocurrency or encrypted communication, blockchain is here to stay. Learn More


20 OUT OF 24

SMARTCITY CHALLENGE

How should technology based solutions should be used within urban planning for the future prosperity of a city. Learn More


21 OUT OF 24

CYBER SECURITY CHALLENGE

With a majority of our personal and financial information living in accessible portals online, cybersecurity is more crucial than ever. By 2020 it is estimated that over 1.5 billion people will be affected by some sort of data breach. Learn More


22 OUT OF 24

ADTECH-MARTECH CHALLENGE

Advertising and Marketing technology are changing the way that businesses and organization handle their marketing and public relations. Learn More


23 OUT OF 24

FINTECH CHALLENGE

Global investment in Financial Technologies have more than tripled in recent years, signifying that a digital revolution has arrived in the financial services sector. Learn More


24 OUT OF 24

AR-VR CHALLENGE

Market growth within Augmented and Virtual reality show that the market is expected to reach over $2.8 billion by 2023. Learn More